Media Turkey, October 2019 Göreme, Cappadocia Göreme is a town and tourist hub in Cappadocia, a historical region of Turkey. It is noted for its natural rock formations, cave dwellings and ancient rock-cut churches. Wednesday, 9th October 2019 Tatiana and Tony in the distinctive rocky landscape at Göreme. A cliff in the background with caves cut into the soft rock, as well as modern buildings above. Souvenir stalls and a café below. The entrance turnstiles at Göreme Open-Air Museum with caves visible in an outcrop of rock behind. This complex includes a series of ancient cave buildings cut into a roughly ring-shaped rock formation. It is most famous for its painted cave churches carved out by Orthodox monks. Located only 1.5km (1 mile) from Göreme village centre. The site has been a UNESCO World Heritage Site since 1984. The exterior of St Barbara cave church. A group of visitors queuing to go inside. This church dates from the second half of the 11th century. It has a cross-shaped internal layout. The north, south and west arms of the interior are barrel vaulted, while the centre, the east arm are domed. Two frescos inside St Barbara church photographed inside a book, because no photography is allowed inside the church itself. One fresco shows St George and St Theodore on horse back, while the other depicts Christ Pantocrator, a full body representation of Jesus Christ as ruler of all things. Exterior of Snake (Yilanli) Church. This church has a linear plan, consisting of two chambers. The front section is barrel-vaulted, while the back part has a flat ceiling. Tony and Tatiana at Göreme Open-Air Museum. In the background a pinnacle of rock with caves cut into it: a common sight around Göreme. View across part of the Göreme Open-Air Museum site. The foreground slopes upwards covered with parched patches of grass and occasional small bushes and trees to a towering outcrop of rock with various doors and windows visible cut into it. Tony and Tatiana on one of the paths through the Göreme Open-Air Museum site. Entrance to another cave building. As well as churches, there is a rectory, various dwellings, and a religious school. Tony and Tatiana at a view point looking over Love Valley. In the foreground, a seat under an arch, decorated with pottery jugs. A sign for Aşk Vadisi Salıncak Café above. Another wonderful view overlooking the series of rocky ridges and valleys that surround Göreme, with numerous interesting rock formations, and then out beyond out into the far distant horizon. Tony and Tatiana at Devrent Valley. A distinctive rock formation, which looks vaguely like a camel, can be seen in the middle distance. This valley is also known as Imaginary Valley or Pink Valley due to the colour of the rock. It is known for its interestingly shaped rocks, some of which are said to resemble animals. Tatiana and Tony at Urgup (Ürgüp). Groups of fairy chimneys can be seen in the background. These towering conical formations, often noted for their phallic appearance, are commonly seen in the Cappadocia region. They have formed due to their protective cap of erosion-resistant basalt rock, which has allowed them to remain standing while the surrounding soft volcanic tufa rock has been weathered away. Tony, Tatiana and their local guide with fairy chimneys in the background at Urgup. Tony and Tatiana are on the ‘Red Tour’ day trip. Pigeon Valley vista point. Excellent view down into the valley. The valley’s name comes from the thousands of pigeon houses that are carved into the rock, some of which can be seen in this photo. Zoomed in on rock formations on the opposite side of Pigeon Valley. Protruding ridges of weathered natural rock with man-made openings cut into the sides. Tatiana and Tony at the Pigeon Valley vista point. Spectacular view along Pigeon Valley and out far beyond across the rocky landscape of Cappadocia. Thursday, 10th October 2019 Tony and Tatiana inside a small cave room, part of the underground city of Kaymakli. Kaymakli is one of up to 40 underground settlements in Cappadocia, ranging in size from villages to cities. The first tunnels of these settlements may have been cut into the soft volcanic rock by the Phrygians, an Indo-European people, in the 8th–7th centuries BC. The settlements were greatly expanded and deepened in the Byzantine era, when they were used for protection from Muslim Arab raids during the four centuries of Arab–Byzantine wars (780-1180). Kaymakli consists of eight floors below ground, only four of which are open to the public today. The rooms are arranged around ventilation shafts. The site was opened to visitors in 1964. Tony touching a stone pillar in one of Kaymakli’s many underground chambers. These rooms are connected by narrow and sloping passages. Tony and Tatiana emerging out of a dimly lit rock chamber through a stone doorway. Tatiana inside a church located on Kaymakli’s second floor. It has a single nave and two apses. In front of the apses is an altar and on the sides are seating platforms. Tatiana and Tony next to a large stone. This is possibly a block of andesite stone, which is located on the underground city’s third level. This contains 57 holes which were used for moulding copper ore. Looking down into a hole in the stone floor, perhaps a well or part of ventilation shaft. Tony touching the ceiling in one of Kaymakli’s narrow passageways. A chamber with a low ceiling supported by stone pillars. Tony touching another stone pillar. Tony, Tatiana and a Turkish guide walking down a path in Ihlara Valley. Looking up the side of a cliff in Ihlara Valley. Openings cut into the rock can be seen high above. Tatiana on a path next to Melendiz Stream, located in Ihlara Valley. Melendiz Stream shaded by trees. A Turkish woman selling dried fruit, displayed in plastic bags on a wall. Tony touching one of a pair of a miniature fairy chimneys, the distinctive rock formations found around Göreme. These ones are located in a village and appear to be man-made rather than natural. Belisirma restaurant offering a variety of Turkish foods. In view a series of dining tables located on platforms in the middle of Melendiz Stream.